[Recommendations] Four Recommendations for Prevention and Support in Children’s Mental Health – HGPI’s View on Children’s Mental Health Policy (June 24, 2022)
With funding from the Nippon Foundation, the Health and Global Policy Institute (HGPI) Child Health Project conducted and published a report on an initiative titled “Building a Mental Health Program for Children and Verifying Its Effectiveness.” We then presented the four following recommendations for supporting children’s mental health which are based on the verification results and discussions centered around multi-disciplinary specialists held at our expert meetings.
Four recommendations for prevention and support in children’s mental health
Introduce practical mental health education in schools for all elementary and middle school students and provide continuous follow-up consultations.
- Mental health education must be further expanded so high needs among elementary and middle school students can be met.
- From the perspective of prevention, a framework providing equitable education based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to all elementary and middle school students is necessary.
- To ensure that the information elementary and middle school students learn during mental health education takes root in their daily lives, it will be necessary to train teachers and supporting psychologists to improve mental health literacy and to provide students with follow-up consultations on a continuous basis.
Advance multi-disciplinary collaboration in communities that aims to provide children with comprehensive preventive mental health care and support.
- Instead of relying on schools and teachers to provide children’s mental health support, schools should strengthen ties with outside parties and become more open. Society-wide support and multi-professional collaboration that transcends regions and welfare, healthcare, and other fields will also be necessary.
- All adults involved with children and especially those in supporting professions must be provided with educational opportunities to learn about mental health.
- Data related to children’s health should be shared across fields and among organizations to encourage deeper collaboration and promote effective support and interventions.
Build a system that delivers preventive mental health care and early detection and intervention to all children regardless of their socioeconomic circumstances at home.
- Early detection and intervention for mental health issues may make it possible to bridge the gaps among education, healthcare, welfare, and other forms of support irrespective of differing socioeconomic circumstances among families. This can be achieved with health examinations provided after children enter school, especially adolescent health checkups, and through mental health support provided with digital technology. Moving forward, these practices should be further distributed and expanded with a basis in evidence.
- Efforts to provide accurate information from specialists and to disseminate stories about mental health from members of younger generations should be promoted. All people including children should be made aware of the importance of mental health as an issue that directly affects them.
Eliminate fragmentation among ministries and agencies and across fields and distribute and utilize resources in an evidence-based, efficient manner with the goal of advancing policies that meet the needs of elementary and middle school students.
- Instead of isolating and responding to issues at separate ministries, agencies, or departments, policies for mental health that consider the individual and entire life course should be advanced.
- A mental health system designed for the long term and based on scientific evidence should be implemented.
The recommendation leaflet at the bottom is published in Japanese only.
■Related contents held as part of the project
December 16, 2021 Child Health Project Expert Meeting: Building a Mental Health Education Program and Support System that Respects Children’s Rights The First Expert Meeting: A Life Course Approach to Children’s Mental Health
March 17, 2022 Child Health Project Expert Meeting: Building a Mental Health Education Program and Support System that Respects Children’s Rights The Second Expert Meeting: Identifying Challenges and Developing Solutions in Schools to Support Children’s Mental Health